Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43 (2004) pp. 186-187 |Previous Article| |Next Article| |Table of Contents|
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Tailoring of Luminous Transmittance upon Switching for Thermochromic VO2 Films by Thickness Control
National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 2266-98 Shidami, Moriyama-ku, Nagoya 463-8560, Japan
(Received July 28, 2003; accepted October 14, 2003; published January 13, 2004)
The difference in luminous transmittance (ΔTlum) upon switching of VO2 films strongly affects its solar controllability when used as a thermochromic window. It was found that ΔTlum is controllable by film thickness. Optical calculation for a VO2 film on quartz glass revealed that the low-temperature semiconductor phase exhibits lower Tlum than the high-temperature metallic phase for thickness below 50 nm, while the relationship is reversed above 50 nm. The calculation was confirmed by film deposition and measurement. Maximum ΔTlum is located near 80 nm. An enhanced ΔTlum contributes largely to solar efficiency.
KEYWORDS:vanadium dioxide, thin film, refractive index, luminous transmittance, optical design, energy-efficient window
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