Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47 (2008) pp. 4329-4332 |Previous Article| |Next Article| |Table of Contents|
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Measurements of Wind Velocity and Direction Using Acoustic Reflection against Wall
Graduate School of Systems and Information Engineering, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573, Japan
1National Institute for Rural Engineering, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8609, Japan
(Received November 28, 2007; accepted February 12, 2008; published online May 23, 2008)
The measurements of wind velocity and direction using an acoustic reflection against a wall are described. We aim to measure the spatial mean wind velocity and direction to be used for an air-conditioning system. The proposed anemometer consists of a single wall and two pairs of loudspeakers (SP) and microphones (MIC) that form a triangular shape. Two sound paths of direct and reflected waves are available. One is that of the direct wave and the other is that of the wave reflected on the wall. The times of flights (TOFs) of the direct and reflected waves can be measured using a single MIC because there is a difference in the TOF between direct and reflected waves. By using these TOFs, wind velocity and direction can be calculated. In the experiments, the wind velocities and directions were measured in a wind tunnel by changing the wind velocity. The wind direction was examined by changing the setup of the transducers. The measured values using the proposed and conventional anemometers agreed with each other. By using the wave reflected against a wall, wind velocities and directions can be measured using only two pairs of transducers, while four pairs are required in the case of conventional anemometers.
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