(Received December 24, 2008; accepted February 18, 2009; published online May 20, 2009)
We developed a new high power piezoelectric characterization system, and report its application for characterizing the resonance and antiresonance vibration performance in this paper. Although the traditional constant voltage measurement was improved by using a constant current measurement method, the conventional technique was still limited to the vicinity of the resonance. In order to identify a full set of high power electromechanical coupling parameters and the loss factors of a piezoelectric, both resonance and antiresonance vibration performance should be precisely measured simultaneously. However, the high power characterization across antiresonance has not been addressed previously in the literature. Our new high power characterization system reported here is capable of measuring the impedance/admittance curves by keeping the following various conditions: (1) constant voltage, (2) constant current, (3) constant vibration velocity of a piezoelectric sample, and (4) constant input power. In addition, the system is equipped with an infrared image sensor to monitor the heat generation distributed in the test sample. We demonstrated the usefulness of the new system in a rectangular piezoelectric plate in the whole frequency range including the resonance and antiresonance frequencies. The results clearly concluded that compared to the resonance mode, the antiresonance mode exhibits a higher mechanical quality factor QM and the same vibration amplitude/velocity under a smaller input electrical power and lower heat generation. This may suggest a superiority of the antiresonance mode usage to the resonance mode from the high power application viewpoint (i.e., ultrasonic motors, transformers).